They say some like it hot, but as yet another heat wave of the season hits the San Fernando Valley and all of the Southland next week, many Angelenos will wish it was winter.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, each year extreme heat causes more deaths in the United States than all other weather-related causes combined. In LA, the average five-day heat wave results in 4.1% more deaths than cooler weather on the first day, and 11.9% more on the fifth day.
Realistically, the coming heat event will result in some Angelenos going to the emergency room…and others dying at home.
Extreme heat does not just cause heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Many chronic medical conditions are exacerbated, and the situation worsens the longer a heat wave lasts – especially when there is little relief at night.
The human body has to work hard to keep you cool under these conditions, and the task becomes very difficult when the body is unable to take a break at night. Our elderly and under-resourced communities are at the highest risk – due to a combination of living in neighborhoods with less tree canopy cover, limited access to air conditioning, and housing with poor insulation.
What to do when the temps rise this weekend.
Self-protection is key. Drink plenty of water, avoid strenuous activities, and reduce time spent in the sun. Spend time in air-conditioned spaces such as the library, the movie theater, or the mall – or seek shelter in one of LA County’s cooling centers. Importantly, do not direct the electric fans toward yourself when the room temperature is hotter than 90 deg F, as the air will dehydrate you faster and endanger your health.
And don’t forget about the people around you.
“The best thing people can do once they have protected themselves and their families is to check on their neighbors — especially neighbors who are living alone and may not be using air conditioning even if they have it,” says Dr. David Eisenman, Director of the UCLA Center for Public Health & Disasters, and researcher with the Los Angeles Urban Cooling Collaborative.
How we can save people from future extreme heat.
LA can be a leader in decreasing heat risk and heat-related death while creating a cooler urban environment for all Angelenos.
TreePeople leads the Los Angeles Urban Cooling Collaborative (LAUCC), a research and implementation partnership focused on reducing urban temperatures and associated public health risks by increasing tree cover and reflective surfaces, including roof and pavements. With funding for the U.S. Forest Service and Harvard-Westlake School, LAUCC is determining the number of lives that could be saved if LA were to adopt progressive policies and programs to cool and green the city.
Initial findings show that an increase in tree canopy, cool roofs and cool pavements could potentially reduce heat-related deaths by more than 25%, meaning we could save 1 in 4 lives from being lost to extreme heat – a significant number when we consider that some heat waves in LA can claim dozens of lives.
Want to learn how you can get involved and save Angelenos from extreme heat? Head to our LAUCC page to find out more.
Read more, TreePeople.org
VALLEY HEAT WAVE STAY COOL TIPS From the CDC:
Wear Appropriate Clothing: Choose lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
Stay Cool Indoors: Stay in an air-conditioned place as much as possible. If your home does not have air conditioning, go to the shopping mall or public library—even a few hours spent in air conditioning can help your body stay cooler when you go back into the heat. Call your local health department to see if there are any heat-relief shelters in your area.
Keep in mind: Electric fans may provide comfort, but when the temperature is in the high 90s, they will not prevent heat-related illness.
Take a cool shower or bath or moving to an air-conditioned place is a much better way to cool off.
Use your stove and oven less to maintain a cooler temperature in your home.
Schedule Outdoor Activities Carefully: Try to limit your outdoor activity to when it’s coolest, like morning and evening hours. Rest often in shady areas so that your body has a chance to recover.
Pace Yourself: Cut down on exercise during the heat. If you’re not accustomed to working or exercising in a hot environment, start slowly and pick up the pace gradually. If exertion in the heat makes your heart pound and leaves you gasping for breath, STOP all activity. Get into a cool area or into the shade, and rest, especially if you become lightheaded, confused, weak, or faint.
Wear Sunscreen: Sunburn affects your body’s ability to cool down and can make you dehydrated. If you must go outdoors, protect yourself from the sun by wearing a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and by putting on sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher 30 minutes prior to going out. Continue to reapply it according to the package directions.
Tip: Look for sunscreens that say “broad spectrum” or “UVA/UVB protection” on their labels- these products work best.
Do Not Leave Children in Cars: Cars can quickly heat up to dangerous temperatures, even with a window cracked open. While anyone left in a parked car is at risk, children are especially at risk of getting a heat stroke or dying. When traveling with children, remember to do the following:
Never leave infants, children or pets in a parked car, even if the windows are cracked open.
To remind yourself that a child is in the car, keep a stuffed animal in the car seat. When the child is buckled in, place the stuffed animal in the front with the driver.
When leaving your car, check to be sure everyone is out of the car. Do not overlook any children who have fallen asleep in the car.
Avoid Hot and Heavy Meals: They add heat to your body!
Drink Plenty of Fluids: Drink more fluids, regardless of how active you are. Don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink. Warning: If your doctor limits the amount you drink or has you on water pills, ask how much you should drink while the weather is hot.
Stay away from very sugary or alcoholic drinks—these actually cause you to lose more body fluid. Also avoid very cold drinks, because they can cause stomach cramps.
Replace Salt and Minerals: Heavy sweating removes salt and minerals from the body that need to be replaced. A sports drink can replace the salt and minerals you lose in sweat.
If you are on a low-salt diet, have diabetes, high blood pressure, or other chronic conditions, talk with your doctor before drinking a sports beverage or taking salt tablets.
Keep Your Pets Hydrated: Provide plenty of fresh water for your pets, and leave the water in a shady area.
Check for Updates: Check your local news for extreme heat alerts and safety tips and to learn about any cooling shelters in your area.
Know the Signs: Learn the signs and symptoms of heat-related illnesses and how to treat them.
Use a Buddy System: When working in the heat, monitor the condition of your co-workers and have someone do the same for you. Heat-induced illness can cause a person to become confused or lose consciousness. If you are 65 years of age or older, have a friend or relative call to check on you twice a day during a heat wave. If you know someone in this age group, check on them at least twice a day.
Monitor Those at High Risk: Although anyone at any time can suffer from heat-related illness, some people are at greater risk than others:
- Infants and young children
- People 65 years of age or older
- People who are overweight
- People who overexert during work or exercise
- People who are physically ill, especially with heart disease or high blood pressure, or who take certain medications, such as for depression, insomnia, or poor circulation.
Visit adults at risk at least twice a day and closely watch them for signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Infants and young children, of course, need much more frequent watching.